|An engraved illustration of a Native |
American Indian dance, from a
Victorian book dated 1883
that is no longer in copyright
|A U.S. commemorative stamp from |
1948 shows the Map of Indian Territory
& Seals of Five Civilized Tribes
In the course of these relationships, some African-Americans may have been returned to their former masters for bounty payments. However, a sizeable number of them were forced to relocate with members of the Five Civilized Tribes during the Trail of Tears to what now is Oklahoma and other lands set aside for resettlement.
By the start of the Civil War, more than 4,000 former slaves lived in Oklahoma. Some of them even joined and fought with the Union Army. Don't overlook checking records relating to Native Americans to locate your African American ancestors.